Rwanda National Police Act

Rwanda National Police Act

Rwanda National Police

Rwanda’s transition to democracy following the genocide in 1994 resulted in the promulgation of a new constitution in 2003. Chapter One in Title VII of the new Constitution provides for the establishment of a national police force under the control of the Commissioner General which is civilian-based, and whose vision is to make people living in Rwanda ‘feel safe, involved and reassured’.

In terms of Article 170 of the Constitution, the Rwanda National Police is responsible for serving the people on the basis of the following principles:

  • safeguarding the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution and the law;
  • harmonious collaboration between the National Police and the community which it serves;
  • the accountability of the National Police to the community; and
  • informing the population on how the Police is fulfilling its mission.

In addition, the National Police has the following functions:

  • ensuring compliance with the law;
  • maintenance of internal public order;
  • ensuring security of person and property;
  • providing urgent humanitarian assistance in case of disasters, calamities and accidents;
  • ensuring respect for the law relating to air space, borders and waters;
  • combating terrorism; and
  • participating in international peace keeping missions, humanitarian assistance and training.

Oversight Mechanisms